Orthodontic Terms

  • Archwire I

    A wire engaged in orthodontic attachments, affixed to the crowns of two or more teeth and capable of causing or guiding tooth movement.

  • Band (orthodontic)

    A thin metal ring, usually stainless steel, which serves to secure orthodontic attachments to a tooth. The band, with orthodontic attachments welded or soldered to it, is closely adapted to fit the contours of the tooth and then cemented into place.

  • Bracket I

    An orthodontic attachment that is secured to a tooth (either by bonding or banding) for the purpose of engaging an archwire. Brackets can be fabricated from metal, ceramic or plastic.

  • Ceramic Brackets

    Crystalline, alumina, tooth-shade or clear synthetic sapphire brackets that are aesthetically more attractive than conventional metal attachments.

  • Crowding

    Dental malalignment caused by inadequate space for the teeth.

  • Debanding

    The removal of cemented orthodontic bands.

  • Elastics (rubber Bands)

  • Gingiva

    The tissue that surrounds the teeth, consisting of a fibrous tissue that is continuous with the periodontal ligament and mucosal covering.

  • Headgear

    Generic term for extraoral traction (attached around the back side of the head) for growth modification, tooth movement and anchorage.

  • Herbst Appliance

    Fixed or removable appliance designed commonly for overbite problems and more.
    Imaging - The process of acquiring representations of structures in either two or three dimensions.

  • Lingual I

    Of or pertaining to the tongue. A term used to describe surfaces and directions toward the tongue.

  • Lingual Appliances

    Orthodontic appliances fixed to the lingual surface of the teeth.

  • Maxillary

    Of or pertaining to the upper jaw. May be used to describe teeth, dental restorations, orthodontic appliances or facial structures.

  • Orthodontist

    A dental specialist who has completed an advanced post-doctoral course, accredited by the American Dental Association, of at least two academic years in the special area of orthodontics.

  • Overbite

    Vertical overlapping of upper teeth over lower teeth, usually measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane.

  • Radiograph

    A permanent image, performed digitally in our office, produced by ionizing radiation. Sometimes called an X-ray after the most common source of image-producing radiation.

  • Retainer I

    Any orthodontic appliance, fixed or removable, used to maintain the position of the teeth following corrective treatment.

  • Retention

    The passive treatment period following active orthodontic correction during which retaining appliances may be used.

  • Straight Wire Appliance

    A variation of the edgewise appliance in which brackets are angulated to minimize multiple archwire bends. Brackets and molar tubes have specific orientation in three planes of space.

  • Archwire I


    A wire engaged in orthodontic attachments, affixed to the crowns of two or more teeth and capable of causing or guiding tooth movement.

    Band (orthodontic)


    A thin metal ring, usually stainless steel, which serves to secure orthodontic attachments to a tooth. The band, with orthodontic attachments welded or soldered to it, is closely adapted to fit the contours of the tooth and then cemented into place.

    Bracket I


    An orthodontic attachment that is secured to a tooth (either by bonding or banding) for the purpose of engaging an archwire. Brackets can be fabricated from metal, ceramic or plastic.

    Ceramic Brackets


    Crystalline, alumina, tooth-shade or clear synthetic sapphire brackets that are aesthetically more attractive than conventional metal attachments.

    Crowding


    Dental malalignment caused by inadequate space for the teeth.

    Debanding


    The removal of cemented orthodontic bands.

    Elastics (rubber Bands)



    Gingiva


    The tissue that surrounds the teeth, consisting of a fibrous tissue that is continuous with the periodontal ligament and mucosal covering.

    Headgear


    Generic term for extraoral traction (attached around the back side of the head) for growth modification, tooth movement and anchorage.

    Herbst Appliance


    Fixed or removable appliance designed commonly for overbite problems and more. Imaging - The process of acquiring representations of structures in either two or three dimensions.

    Lingual I


    Of or pertaining to the tongue. A term used to describe surfaces and directions toward the tongue.

    Lingual Appliances


    Orthodontic appliances fixed to the lingual surface of the teeth.

    Maxillary


    Of or pertaining to the upper jaw. May be used to describe teeth, dental restorations, orthodontic appliances or facial structures.

    Orthodontist


    A dental specialist who has completed an advanced post-doctoral course, accredited by the American Dental Association, of at least two academic years in the special area of orthodontics.

    Overbite


    Vertical overlapping of upper teeth over lower teeth, usually measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane.

    Radiograph


    A permanent image, performed digitally in our office, produced by ionizing radiation. Sometimes called an X-ray after the most common source of image-producing radiation.

    Retainer I


    Any orthodontic appliance, fixed or removable, used to maintain the position of the teeth following corrective treatment.

    Retention


    The passive treatment period following active orthodontic correction during which retaining appliances may be used.

    Straight Wire Appliance


    A variation of the edgewise appliance in which brackets are angulated to minimize multiple archwire bends. Brackets and molar tubes have specific orientation in three planes of space.

    J. BRENT MCFARLAND, D.M.D.

    1.800.239.6060

    ABOUT DR. MCFARLAND

    In the Wiregrass area Dr. McFarland is perpetually involved in many activities supporting education, youth athletics,club and church activities and the culture of our community.

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    ABOUT FIRST VISIT

    We want every visit to our office to be enjoyable. A part of our objective is to capture the interest of our patients from the start, so they will look forward to orthodontic correction.

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    INVISALIGN

    Invisalign straightens your teeth without wires and brackets, using a series of clear, customized, removable aligners.Wearing the aligners will gradually and gently shift your teeth into place.

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    1609 West Main St., Suite 201
    Dothan, AL 36301
    Ph. 334.793.6060 | Toll Free 1.800.239.6060